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How Many Steps Make Up a Fire Safety Risk Assessment?

Steps in a Fire Risk Assessment

Fire risk assessments are crucial for ensuring the safety of premises and their occupants. These assessments help identify potential fire hazards, evaluate the risks, and implement measures to mitigate them, fulfilling legal obligations and maintaining safety standards.

This article from Fire Safety Specialists will go through the 5 steps comprehensively.


The Five Essential Steps of a Fire Safety Risk Assessment

1. Identify Fire Hazards

The first step in a fire safety risk assessment is to identify potential sources of ignition and materials that could fuel a fire. This includes checking for faulty wiring, flammable materials, and sources of heat like heaters and electrical equipment. Regular inspections can help in identifying these risks early.

2. Identify People at Risk

The second step focuses on determining who might be at risk in the event of a fire. This includes not only employees and residents but also visitors and particularly vulnerable individuals like the elderly, children, or those with disabilities. Understanding who is at risk helps tailor the fire safety measures appropriately.

3. Evaluate, Remove or Reduce the Risks

Once the hazards and at-risk individuals have been identified, the next step is to evaluate these risks and implement measures to either eliminate or reduce them. This could include installing fire doors, improving fire exits, or reducing the amount of flammable material stored on the premises.

4. Record Your Findings and Prepare an Emergency Plan

Documenting the findings of the fire risk assessment is critical. This step involves recording all identified fire hazards, the people at risk, and the measures put in place to mitigate these risks. Additionally, preparing an emergency evacuation plan and training all occupants on these procedures is vital.

5. Review and Update the Assessment Regularly

Fire risk assessments should not be static documents; they need to be reviewed and updated regularly, especially when there are significant changes to the building, its use, or occupancy. Regular reviews ensure that new risks are identified and managed effectively.


Conducting a comprehensive fire safety risk assessment involves following these five essential steps. By systematically identifying hazards, evaluating risks, and implementing safety measures, businesses and property owners can ensure the safety of all occupants and comply with legal requirements.

FAQ Section

  • What is the legal requirement for fire risk assessments?
    Fire risk assessments are legally required under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 in England and Wales, and similar legislation exists in Scotland and Northern Ireland.
  • How often should fire risk assessments be reviewed?
    It's recommended that fire risk assessments be reviewed at least annually or whenever significant changes occur to the premises or its use.
  • Is a fire risk assessment a legal requirement for all buildings?
    Yes, fire risk assessments are a legal requirement for all non-domachel settings in the UK, including commercial buildings, public spaces, and places of education.
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